Sheep farming in particular has contributed richly to the vocabulary of the Dales as well as to the landscape.  On a walk through the Dales, you will spot smoots or cripple holes in the dry stone walls, designed to allow sheep and rabbits but not cattle to pass through. You might come across a dam or purpose-built stone sheep wash, where sheep were bathed before clipping in early summer. Sheep would be given a good dolly (a thorough rub) on each side before being left to swim across the wash-pool. If you’re lucky, you might even overhear sheep being counted the old-fashioned way using the ancient ‘shepherd’s score’ – yan tan tethera

A person with a sheep

‘Salving sheep in Cray’ ( LAVC/PHO/P0774) by Werner Kissling

People with sheep beside stone wall

Sheep washing on Outgang Beck at Thornton Rust (Wensleydale). This practice, which had died out 30-40 years previously, was re-enacted for this photograph.

‘Sheep Washing: Outgang Beck’ ( LAVC/PHO/P0614) by Werner Kissling.

Dales dialect also provides useful words for sheep of different types, ages and stages of life. In this recording from Horton-in-Ribblesdale (1974), Dick Davies describes these various names for sheep, from gimmer hogs to old joes.

Listen here

‘Sound Recordings, North Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire’ ( LAVC/SRE/A722r) by Stanley Ellis
A transcription for this audio can be found (here)